Claire Blencowe

Associate Professor, Sociology
University of Warwick, U.K.

"Ecological Attunment in a Theological Key: An Adventure in Anti-fascist Aesthetics" 
Isabelle Stengers has posed the question of how we are to relate to the climatic and economic catastrophes of our present times in a mode that resists ‘the coming barbarism’ – the barbarism that is produced by the history of capitalism and ‘progress’. The old ultimatum between the commons and slavery, socialism or fascism, rings anew. But Stengers seeks a creative mode of living ‘after economic growth’ that resists not only capital but also the poisonous grand narratives that have blinded us and can subject us to stultifying moral-monism. Her anti-barbaric, or anti-fascist, aesthetic is experimental and ecological and aligned against the self-assuredness of progressive Reason. A crucial aspect of such an anti-fascist adventure in our catastrophic and neo-colonial times is, I suggest, to challenge and traverse the borders of secularism. The paper explores the theological figures through which Stengers does this – from Alfred North Whitehead’s God, through Gaia, to the magical arts of Starhawk and the neo-pagan witches of Reclaim. Sensing that her traversals do not take us far enough from the Western-Reason-Secular/Protestant-Colonial centre I look for additional figures that resonate with hers. We might look to immanentist indigenous theology, Gloria Anzaldúa’s shamanic visions, or Suzanne Césaire’s surrealism. More controversial perhaps, from the perspective of feminist theory, is the notion that today such anti-colonial traversal could include popular religion, even Christian thinking on theology of life, Buen Vivir and the church of the poor. These additional figures inspire additional aesthetics of montage, modernism and the charismatic mass.